Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses | Most Popular Medicinal Plants In Nigeria And Their Uses

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses | Most Popular Medicinal Plants In Nigeria And Their Uses

September 3, 2018 0 By mcsenior
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Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses – List Of Medicinal Plants In Nigeria And Their Uses

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses – Nigeria is blessed with abundant medicinal plants that can be used to treat all kinds of infections and diseases.

One of the merits of using these organic components like herbs, spices, fruits and vegetables is because they turn your food into medicine giving you immunity against infections as well as aiding your recovery process in the advent of any infection.

Another bonus is the fact that they have no side effect when used appropriately. On this list, we have selected some common fruits and herbs and their medicinal benefits.

Nigerian Herbs And Uses Their Under A

Botanical Name: Ananas comosus
Common Name: Pineapple
Yoruba: Ope oyinbo
Igbo: Akwumbe/akwu-olu
Hausa: Nkwu aba/abara
Part Used: Unripe fruit
Uses: Anti hypethesion consitaption

Botanical Name: Annona muricata
Common Name: Soursop
Igbo: Sawamsop
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Relaxing nerves

Botanical Name: Anacadium occidentalis
Common Name: Cashew
Yoruba: Kaju
Igbo: Sashu
Hausa: Kanju
Part Used: Bark, fruit
Uses: Cough high vit.c

Botanical Name: Abelmoschus esculentus
Common Name: Okro
Yoruba: Ila/ilasa
Igbo: Okwuru
Hausa: Kubewa
Part Used: Fruit, leaves
Uses: Sperm count, fever

Botanical Name: Allium cepa
Common Name: Onion
Yoruba: Alubosa
Igbo: Yabasi
Hausa: Alabasa
Part Used: Bulb
Uses: Antidiabetic

Botanical Name: Allium sativum
Common Name: Garlic
Yoruba: Aayu
Igbo: Ayo-ishi
Hausa: Tafarunua
Part Used: Bulb
Uses: Antibiotic anti- diabetic anti hypertension

Botanical Name: Aframonum melegueta
Common Name: Alligator pepper
Yoruba: Ataare
Igbo: Ose-orji/okwa
Hausa: Chilla/citta
Part Used: Seed
Uses: Stimulant Sleeping sickness

Botanical Name: Artocarpus altiles
Common Name: Bread fruit
Yoruba: Pere
Igbo: Ukwa
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Starch

Botanical Name: Afalia africana
Yoruba: Apa
Igbo: Akpalata
Hausa: Kawo
Part Used: Seed
Uses: Condiment

Botanical Name: Alstonia boonei
Common Name: Stool wood/patten wood
Yoruba: Ahun
Igbo: Egun
Part Used: Stem bark, root
Uses: Fever, tumor

Botanical Name: Azadiractha indica
Common Name: Neem tree
Yoruba: Dongoyaro
Igbo: Atu yabasi / ogwu akom
Hausa: Maina
Part Used: Fruit juice Leaves & tree bark
Uses: Boils, Anti malaria

Botanical Name: Anthodeista diaglomensis
Yoruba: Sapo
Igbo: Akpakoro
Hausa: Putaa
Part Used: Stem bark
Uses: Diabetes inflammation

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Botanical Name: Argemone mexicana
Common Name: Bean spp
Yoruba: Ahon-ekun
Igbo: Akede
Part Used: Leaves, stems seeds
Uses: Anti pasmodic

Botanical Name: Annona senegalensis
Common Name: Custard apple
Yoruba: Abo/abobo
Igbo: Ubunu-ocha
Hausa: Gwandar daji
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Yellow fever

Botanical Name: Abrus precatoriuos
Common Name: Crab’s eye
Yoruba: Iwerejeje/ ojuologbo
Igbo: Anya nnunu
Hausa: Da marzaya
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Cough

Botanical Name: Amacanthus spinosus
Common Name: Green
Yoruba: Tete
Igbo: Opotoko
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Malaria

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under B

Botanical Name: Bridelia micrantha
Yoruba: Ira
Igbo: Oha (ola)
Hausa: Kirni
Part Used: Stem bark
Uses: Oral flora

Botanical Name: Boehaavia diffusa
Common Name: Hogweed
Yoruba: Etiponola
Igbo: Azeigwe
Hausa: Babba-juju
Part Used: Root Leaves
Uses: Dropsy Infertility

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under C

Botanical Name: Carica papaya
Common Name: Pawpaw
Yoruba: Ibepe
Igbo: Okworobeke/ojo
Hausa: Gwanda
Part Used: Latex fruit / seed
Uses: Boil, purgative

Botanical Name: Capsicum annum
Common Name: Pepper
Yoruba: Ata wewe
Igbo: Ose/totashi
Hausa: Barkono
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Stimulant

Botanical Name: Citrullus lanatus
Common Name: Watermelon
Yoruba: Egunsi
Igbo: Elili egwusi/ogili
Hausa: Egbsi/guna
Part Used: Dried pulp
Uses: Laxative digestion

Botanical Name: Crysophylum albedum
Common Name: Star apple
Yoruba: Agabalumo
Igbo: Odara/udala
Hausa: Agwaliba
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Anti nausea

Botanical Name: Cocos nucifera
Common Name: Coconut
Yoruba: Agbon
Igbo: Aku oyinbo
Hausa: Mosara
Part Used: Nut
Uses: Anti poison/neutralizes poison/drug

Botanical Name: Citrus paradise
Common Name: Grape
Yoruba: Osan paya
Igbo: Oroma-nkeresi
Hausa: Lemu yamiku
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Antibiotic

Botanical Name: Citrus sinensus
Common Name: Sweet orange
Yoruba: Osan
Igbo: Oroma
Hausa: Lmu
Part Used: Fruit Roughages
Uses: Vit c bowel moist

Botanical Name: Cola nitida
Common Name: Kolanut
Yoruba: Obi
Igbo: Orji
Hausa: Goro
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Stimulant

Botanical Name: Citrus limon
Common Name: Lime
Yoruba: Osan wewe
Igbo: Olomankilisi
Hausa: Lemunoisami
Part Used: Juice/fruit
Uses: Deworm

Botanical Name: Corchorus olitorius
Common Name: Jute Leaves
Yoruba: Ewedu
Igbo: Ariraa/ulogburu
Hausa: Lalo
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Blood purifier

Botanical Name: Ceiba pentandra
Common Name: Silk cotton
Yoruba: Araba
Igbo: Akpu owu
Hausa: Rimi
Part Used: Thorns on the stem
Uses: Stimulant/laxative

Botanical Name: Cymbopogon citratus
Common Name: Lemon grass
Yoruba: Koriko-oba
Igbo: Nche awula
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Malaria

Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan
Common Name: Pigeon pea
Yoruba: Otiili
Igbo: Fiofio
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Malaria

Botanical Name: Cactus sp
Common Name: Cactus
Yoruba: Oro
Igbo: Utamazi-ngwulo
Part Used: Leave/stem
Uses: Gonorrhea

Botanical Name: Calotopis procera
Common Name: Sodom apple
Yoruba: Bomubomu
Hausa: Tumifafiya
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Measles

Botanical Name: Citrus aurantium
Common Name: Sour orange
Yoruba: Osan ghanhinghanhin
Igbo: Oloma-oyinbo
Hausa: Babban lemu
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Fibroid

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under D

Botanical Name: Dioscorea alata
Common Name: Water yam
Yoruba: Isu ewura
Igbo: Awoke/jiabana
Hausa: Dugura
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Fever

Botanical Name: Dioscorea cayennensis
Common Name: White yam
Yoruba: Ako isu
Igbo: Ji-ocha
Hausa: Doya danzaria
Part Used: Tubers
Uses: Anti diarrhea

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Botanical Name: Dialium guinenses
Common Name: Black tumbler
Yoruba: Awin
Igbo: Icheku
Hausa: Tsamiyar
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Anti ulcer/ Vitamin C

Botanical Name: Dennettia tripetala
Common Name: Pepper fruit
Yoruba: Igberi
Igbo: Mmimi
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Stimulant

Botanical Name: Daucus carota
Common Name: Carrot
Yoruba: karoti
Igbo: Carrot
Hausa: Carrot
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Male infertility

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under E

Botanical Name: Elaeis guineensis
Common Name: Palm kernel
Yoruba: Ekuro
Igbo: Aku
Hausa: Kwakwa
Part Used: Nut
Uses: Easy flow menses

Botanical Name: Europhorbia convolvuloides
Common Name: Asthma herb
Yoruba: Egele
Igbo: Udani
Hausa: Nonan kurdiiya
Uses: Asthma

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under F

Botanical Name: Ficus exasperata
Common Name: Fig tree
Yoruba: Oporo/opoto
Igbo: Ogbu
Hausa: Achedinnini
Part Used: Root
Uses: Venereal disease

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under I

Botanical Name: Irvingia excelsa
Common Name: Bush mango
Yoruba: Oro mopa
Igbo: Ogbono/ube
Hausa: Mamujigoro
Part Used: Seed
Uses: Condiment

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under K

Botanical Name: Kalanchoe pinnatum
Common Name: Never die/leaf of life
Yoruba: Abamoda
Igbo: Odaa-opue / nkwonkwu
Hausa: Gawa
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Anti-inflammatory

Botanical Name: Khaya ivorensis
Common Name: Mahogany
Yoruba: Oganwo
Igbo: Ono
Part Used: Stem Bark
Uses: Blood tonic

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under M

Botanical Name: Mangifera indica
Common Name: Mango
Yoruba: Mongoro
Igbo: Mango sawamsop
Part Used: Leaves
Uses:Malaria

Botanical Name: Musa nana/sapientum
Common Name: Banana
Yoruba: Ogede wewe
Igbo: Ule/uneri
Hausa: Ayaba
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: High blood pressure

Botanical Name: Musa paradisiaca
Common Name: Plantain
Yoruba: Ogede agagba
Igbo: Abrika
Hausa: Okamu/ayaba
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Potent astrigent high iron

Botanical Name: Myristica fragrans
Common Name: Nutmeg
Yoruba: Ariwo
Igbo: Ehuru
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Anti parasitic

Botanical Name: Monodora mystrica
Common Name: Nutmeg
Yoruba: Ariwo
Igbo: Ehuru
Part Used: Oil
Uses: Rheumatism

Botanical Name: Manihot esculenta
Common Name: Cassava
Yoruba: Ege / gbaguda
Igbo: Abacha/akpu
Hausa: Rogo
Part Used: Tubers
Uses: Diabetes

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under N

Botanical Name: Nauclea latifolia
Yoruba:Egbesi
Igbo: Uburu inu/ mbitinu
Hausa: Marga
Part Used: Root
Uses: Yellow fever

Botanical Name: Nicotiana tobacum
Common Name: Tobacco
Yoruba: Ewe taba
Igbo: Utaba
Hausa: Taba
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Stimulant Infertility

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under O

Botanical Name: Ocimum gratissimum
Common Name: Mint
Yoruba: Efinrin nla
Igbo: Nchanwu
Hausa: Dadoya
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Stomach problem

Botanical Name: Oryza sativa
Common Name:Rice
Yoruba: Iresi
Igbo: Osi-kakpa
Hausa: Chinkafa
Part Used: Grains
Uses: Energy-giving food

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under P

Botanical Name: Psidium quajava
Common Name: Guava
Yoruba: Gurofa
Igbo: Ugova/ugwoba
Hausa: Gwaabaa
Part Used: Unripe fruit
Uses: Reduce frigidity

Botanical Name: Piper guinenses
Common Name: Black pepper
Yoruba: Iyere
Igbo: Uziza
Hausa:Uda
Part Used: Seed/leaves
Uses: Cleanse womb

Botanical Name: Persea americana
Common Name: Avocado / pear
Yoruba: Igba/apoka
Igbo: Ube-beke
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Anti hypertension ulcer/stomach

Botanical Name: Parkia bigglobossa
Common Name: Locust beans
Yoruba: Igba iru
Igbo: Ugba/ogiri
Hausa: Dadawa
Part Used: Seeds
Uses: Anti-hypertension

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under S

Botanical Name: Solanum melongena
Common Name: Garden egg
Yoruba: Igba ijesu
Igbo: Ayanra/afefea
Hausa: Yalo/jauta
Part Used: Seed & leaves
Uses: Kidney problem / vitamin c

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Botanical Name: Solanum lycopersicum
Common Name: Tomato
Yoruba: Tomati
Igbo: Tomato
Hausa: Tomati
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Anti hypertensive

Botanical Name: Syzygium aromaticum
Common Name: Clove
Yoruba: Kanafuru
Igbo: Osasagbogbo
Hausa: Kanumfari
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Tooth ache/mouth infection

Botanical Name: Spondia mombin
Common Name: Hogplum
Yoruba: Iyeye
Igbo: Ngulungwu / isikarA
Hausa: Isada
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Infertility

Botanical Name: Shorgum bicolar
Common Name: Millet
Yoruba: Oka baba
Igbo: Sorgum
Hausa: Jero
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Blood tonic

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under T

Botanical Name: Telfairia occidentalis
Common Name: Fluted pumpkin
Igbo: Ugwu
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Anti anemic, blood tonic

Botanical Name: Tetracapiduim conophorum
Common Name: Walnut
Yoruba: Awusa/asal
Igbo: Ukpa
Hausa: Hawuusa
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Aprodisiac

Botanical Name: Thymus vulgarie
Common Name: Curry leaf
Yoruba: Efinrin wewe
Igbo: Nchanwu
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Antibiotic, carminative

Botanical Name: Tetrapleura tetraptera
Yoruba: Aidan
Igbo: Okpokrikpo/os osho
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Sickle cell

Botanical Name: Terminalia catapa
Common Name: Umbrella tree/almod tree
Yoruba: Igifuruntu
Igbo: Ibulu
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Insomnia sleeplessness

Botanical Name: Talinum triangular
Common Name: Water leaf
Yoruba: Gbure
Igbo: Nte-oka/inene
Hausa: Alenyruwa
Part Used: Root
Uses: Rat poison

Botanical Name: Trumfetta rhomoboidea
Common Name: Burweed
Yoruba: Molanganrsn/ak o bolobolo
Igbo: Odo
Hausa: Yanka-dafi
Part Used: Gonorrhea
Uses: Leaves, Flower, Fruit

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under U

Botanical Name: Urena lobata
Yoruba: Akeeri
Igbo: Odoazezo
Hausa: Rama-rama
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Malaria

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under V

Botanical Name: Vernonia amygdalina
Common Name: Biter leaf
Yoruba: Ewuro
Igbo: Onugbu/olubu
Hausa: Shiwaka/chukwu aka
Part Used: Leaves
Uses: Pile lower sugar content

Botanical Name: Vigna unguiculata
Common Name: Beans
Yoruba: Ewa/eree
Igbo: Agua
Hausa: Agwa/wake
Part Used: Seed
Uses: Protein

Botanical Name: Vitellaria paracloxum
Common Name: Shea butter
Yoruba: Ori/emi-emi
Igbo: Osisi
Hausa: Kadanya
Part Used: Fat
Uses: Rheumatic pains

Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses Under X

Botanical Name: Xanthosoma sagittifolium
Common Name: Cocoyam
Yoruba: Koko
Igbo: Akaso/ede/uli/ mmuo
Hausa: Ghrsa/guaza
Part Used: Leaves Corn
Uses: Heart problem anti hypertensive

Botanical Name: Xylopia aethipica
Common Name: Ethiopian pepper
Yoruba: Eeru/ erunje
Igbo: Uda
Hausa: Kimba
Part Used: Fruit
Uses: Analgesic/stimulant

Get Full Details About The – NATURAL REMEDIES FOR ALL DISEASES

This list is just a few out of many Nigerian herbs often used for treating various medical conditions. You can share with us any other herb you know in the comment box below.
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Credit: Aiyeloja A.A and O.A Bello – Department of Forestry and Wildlife,
University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Department of Forest Resources Management, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
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