Gestational Diabetes In Nigeria | The Right Food Nigerian Pregnant Women Need To Eat & Not To Eat

Gestational Diabetes In Nigeria | The Right Food Nigerian Pregnant Women Need To Eat & Not To Eat

July 8, 2018 1 By mcsenior
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Gestational Diabetes: What To Eat & Avoid During Pregnancy

Gestational diabetes as well as mood swing is quite common during pregnancy. Mood swing for instance is common during pregnancy as a result of factors like change in the amount of estrogen and progesterone in the blood.

Most women starts behaving strange, there is a clear change in the manner in which they eat as a result of increased metabolism; the more reason why they tend to eat more.

During pregnancy, the body need more nutrients because you are no longer feeding yourself alone any more but your baby also need to be catered for.

However, pregnant women should ensure they are eating the right food at the right time and with the right proportion. The urge to eat more food may lead to excessive weight gain depending on your body metabolism.

Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy

Gestational diabetes occurs in women during pregnancy, it may even occur in women who have no prior history of diabetes. It is a type of diabetes which develops as a result of increased level of blood sugar during pregnancy.

It is not strange that during pregnancy, the body becomes more resistant to insulin and when the pancreas is no longer able to handle that, there is more glucose in the body to nourish the fetus thereby leading to gestational diabetes.

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Risk Factors: Gestational Diabetes Causes

*Obesity
*Previous history of gestational diabetes during pregnancy
*If you once deliver a baby that has a high birth weight
*Family history of type 2 diabetes
*If you have pre-diabetes
* If you have had polycystic ovary syndrome in the past
*High blood pressure
*Hormone disorder
*Previously having a stillbirth or miscarriage

Gestational Diabetes Symptoms During Pregnancy

In most cases, there are no symptoms but you may experience any of the following:
*Fatigue
*Frequent urination
*Excessive thirst & hunger
*Presence of yeast infection

What Happens To The Baby If You Have Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes has a direct negative effect on the fetus because the baby will definitely be affected if the mother develops gestational diabetes.

This is what happens; when there is excess glucose in the bloodstream, the baby is being fed excess sugar. In response to this, the baby’s pancreas is then triggered to make extra insulin, a situation which results into the baby becoming overweight.

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There are other implications of gestational diabetes on the baby which include difficulty in breathing at birth, excessive birth weight, high risk of developing jaundice at birth, the baby might develop low blood sugar at birth and it could trigger seizure as well.

How Does Gestational Diabetes Affects The Mother

Untreated gestational diabetes is dangerous to the mother’s health and can lead to any of the following:
*It is one of the reasons why a pregnant woman needs a cesarean section due to baby’s excessive weight
*It increases the risk of developing high blood pressure
*It may cause premature birth
*It may result into miscarriage

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You need the right nutrition and exercise to get rid of gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Your type of exercise does not require rigorous routine; being active at home with chores, gardening, walking and other mild exercise especially aerobic exercise if done regularly will help to a large extent.

In addition, you need to watch your diet; you need to give your body the essential nutrients and adequate calories. You should totally avoid excess sugar, carbohydrates and fatty foods during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can also be controlled by using anti-diabetic medications and insulin to control the volume of sugar in the bloodstream.

Pregnancy Diet: Diet For Pregnant Women

What a woman eats and drink during pregnancy matters a lot because it is the same nutrients that gets to the fetus. The major nutrients a pregnant woman need are calcium, folic acids, vitamins, zinc, protein, iron & iodine.

Pregnancy Diet: Calcium

Pregnant women need at least 1000 mg of calcium on a daily basis. Calcium is very essential during pregnancy as it improves maternal and baby’s well-being.
When you are pregnant, the fetus need calcium for strong teeth and bones as well as better heart, nerves & muscle formation.

Calcium Deficiency
When the mother is not getting enough calcium, it will definitely affect her health because the fetus will start sourcing his required calcium from the mother’s bone.

Calcium Food Source
You can get the required daily calcium requirement from the following food sources:
Soy milk; Yogurt; Milk; Spinach; Almonds; Sardines; Cheese; Seeds; Salmon

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Pregnancy Diet: Folic Acids

Folic acids is essential in early pregnancy, it plays a vital role even before and during pregnancy.
Women trying to conceive are even advice to consume more of folic acids because of its health benefits and for those who are pregnant; you mostly need high dose of folic acids during pregnancy.

Folic acids aids fertility in women, prevents birth defects in newborn, it aids production of red blood cells in the body and helps in neural development of the fetus.

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The recommended daily dose for women of child bearing age is 400 mcg, when your pregnancy is between four to nine months you need 600 mcg and 500 mcg when breastfeeding.

Folic Acid Deficiency
When the mother is not getting enough folic acid in her diet, it could result into premature birth, low birth weight and miscarriage.

Folic Acids Food Source
You can get your required daily folic acid requirement from the following food sources:
Beef liver; Spinach; Sunflower seeds; Peanuts; Lentils; Fresh orange

 

Pregnancy Diet: Iron

Iron aids transportation of oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body up to the fetus. Iron is needed for hemoglobin formation, getting enough iron helps your growing baby and placenta become healthy.
Pregnant women need 27 milligram {mg} of iron daily while non pregnant women need 18 mg. Iron is needed for energy, muscle formation and brain function.

Iron Deficiency
When the mother is not getting enough iron supply during pregnancy, it could result into anemia.

Iron Food Source
You can get your daily iron requirement from the following food sources:
Red meat; Legumes; Dark chocolate; Beans; Peas; Vegetables; Poultry; Fish; Lentils

 

Pregnancy Diet: Protein

Protein ensures your baby grows and develops in a healthy way. Protein rich food is needed during pregnancy because it is amino acids that make up the building blocks of your body cells.
Protein is needed for fetal cell growth and prevention of complications of premature birth. Pregnant women are expected to consume 75 to 100 grams of protein on a daily basis.

Protein Deficiency
When the pregnant mother is not getting enough protein her body need, protein deficiency can result into fatigue or muscle atrophy in mother, distorted growth and learning disability in the baby after birth.

Protein Food Source
You can get enough protein your body need from the following food sources:
White meat; Eggs; Lentils; Poultry; Fish; Milk products; Pork; Soy products; Seafood; Beans

 

Pregnancy Diet: Iodine

Iodine is needed for healthy brain development in the fetus and young child. Iodine is believed to help boost the IQ of the baby. Pregnant women should take 220 mcg {micro-grams} daily and 20 mcg for breastfeeding mothers.

Iodine Food Source
You can get your iodine from the following food sources:
Iodized salt; Milk; Banana; Strawberry; Lobster; Pineapple; Yogurt; Tuna fish; Boiled egg; Shrimps

 

Pregnancy Diet: Zinc

According to the World Health Organization {WHO}, zinc supplements during pregnancy may help reduce preterm births in low income settings, but does not prevent other sub-optimal pregnancy outcomes including low birth weight or pre-eclamsia.
The primary purpose of consuming zinc is cell division, protein synthesis and growth meaning that an adequate supply of zinc is important for pregnant women.

Zinc Food Source
You can get zinc from the following food sources:
Pumpkin seeds; Cocoa powder; Chickpeas; Cashews; Crabs; Oyster; Soybeans; Pomegranate; Shellfish; Beef; Sesame seeds; Chicken; Spinach; Mushrooms

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Pregnancy Diet: Vitamins

Pregnant women need vitamins in the diet but not that much. Vitamins should not be taken in excess and also, natural source of vitamins is preferable compared to supplements. Vitamins are needed during pregnancy for body growth and development. Other facts about vitamins needed during pregnancy are as follows:

Vitamin B12: for healthy nerve function & creation of new cells
Food Source: meat, poultry, fish

Vitamin C: for healthy immune system & prevention of infections
Food Source: citrus fruits, tomatoes, spinach

Vitamin D: for calcium consumption
Food Source: dairy products, fatty fish

Vitamin E: antioxidant against cell damage & cancer
Food Source: avocado, egg, milk, vegetable oil, nuts

Vitamin K: for blood clothing and bone health
Food Source: green leafy vegetables

Pregnancy Diet: Food To Avoid During Pregnancy

For every pregnant woman, you should know that as you have foods and drinks recommended to improve your well-being including your baby; there are certain foods and drinks you must abstain from.
Below are different kinds of food you need to avoid and reasons why you should do so.

*Pregnant women must totally abstain from raw / half cooked meat or sea foods.

*Stay off organ meat especially liver; not that liver is absolutely bad for you but it contains high vitamin A which might be harmful to the fetus if consumed excessively. If you must eat liver, you may limit the consumption to few times in a month.

*Pregnant women should avoid eating smoked or processed food because it may expose your body as well as the fetus to toxins which might result into serious health complications.

*Another way of avoiding toxins and infection is to practice safety precautions and hygiene when eating raw food. Ensure raw fruits and vegetables are properly cleaned before consumption.

*Any food containing any traces of mercury should be totally avoided. Mercury is common in most seafood like shark, tuna or mackerel.

*Pregnant women should not eat raw egg, it may harm the fetus.

*Unpasteurized milk, caffeine, alcohol and sugary foods should be avoided

*You may have to quit smoking when pregnant and even when breastfeeding.

Bottom Line!!!
We believe you have learn one or two things about pregnancy, gestational diabetes and how to take care of your nutrition to ensure both mother and child are healthy and safe. We believe this information will guide you while pregnant and help you become a better mother.

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