Bleeding Disorders In Nigeria Today | What Nigerian Women Should Know About Hemophilia

Bleeding Disorders In Nigeria Today | What Nigerian Women Should Know About Hemophilia

November 15, 2018 0 By mcsenior
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Hemophilia | What You Need To Know About Bleeding Disorders

Bleeding disorders is a condition where a person finds it difficult to stop bleeding. It is a health problem that affects most women and may raise your risk for anemia and dangerous bleeding after childbirth.

What Is A Bleeding Disorder?

When you have bleeding disorder, it becomes quite difficult to stop bleeding. Normally when a person is hurt, a blood clot forms to stop the bleeding quickly. For blood to clot, your body needs a type of blood cell called platelets and blood proteins called clotting factors.

If you have a bleeding disorder, your platelets or clotting factors do not work correctly or your body does not make enough platelets or clotting factors. This makes it easy for too much bleeding to happen during normal bodily functions such as a menstrual period. People with a bleeding disorder can also bleed too much or for too long after an injury, dental work, childbirth, or surgery.

Who Is At Risk Of Bleeding Disorders?

Bleeding disorders affect both women and men. But bleeding disorders can cause more problems for women because of heavy bleeding during menstrual periods and the risk of dangerous bleeding after childbirth.

Does Heavy Bleeding During Menstrual Period Mean A Bleeding Disorder?

Most women who experience heavy period may have some type of bleeding disorder.
But other causes of heavy periods include:

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• An underlying health problem like thyroid problems or uterine fibroid.
• Hormonal imbalance and other reproductive problems.
• Certain medications like some anti-inflammatory medicines and blood thinners can lead to heavy or long periods.

How To Know If You Have Heavy Bleeding During Menstrual Period?

Your menstrual period is heavy if you:

• Soak through a pad every hour or two
• If you have menstrual bleeding for more than 7 days in a row
• Have menstrual blood with clots larger than a quarter

Causes Of Bleeding Disorder

• Liver disease: Your liver makes most of the blood clotting factors (proteins in the blood) you need.
• Hereditary: It can be passed from parent to a child
• Kidney disease: This is common when kidney disease gets to the advanced stages
• Side effects from certain medicines, such as blood thinners (anticoagulants), certain pain medicines, or long-term use of antibiotics
• Thyroid hormone imbalance

Symptoms Of Bleeding Disorder

Some common symptoms of bleeding disorders include:

• Large bruises from a minor bump or injury
• Nosebleeds that are difficult to stop or happen often
• Heavy menstrual bleeding
• Heavy vaginal bleeding from other conditions, such as endometriosis
• Blood in stool or urine
• Bleeding too much or for a long time after an injury, surgery, or dental work
• Anemia, which causes you to become pale or feel tired or weak
• Bleeding into joints, muscles, and organs

What Types Of Bleeding Disorder Affects Women?

• Bleeding disorders in women can be inherited
• It can also occur as a result side effects certain medicines or other health problems

What Is Von Willebrand disease (VWD)?

• This is the most common type of bleeding disorder often inherited by women
• People with this condition usually doesn’t have enough Von Willebrand or doesn’t work correctly
• Von Willebrand is a kind of protein found in the blood
Women with VWD may have:

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• Unusually heavy and long menstrual period
• Nosebleeds
• Bleeding gums
• Blood in stool or urine
• Bleeding too much or for a long time after an injury, surgery, or dental work
• Easy bruising
• Heavy or prolonged bleeding during or after childbirth

Hemophilia

• Affects both men and women
• Can be passed from parent to children
• Most new born affected are mostly male
• Women are the primary carrier of hemophilia having both active and inactive gene for hemophilia
• Women with hemophilia are at risk of heavy bleeding, and bleeding after childbirth

How Do Bleeding Disorders Affects Pregnancy?

Women with bleeding disorders are at risk of complications during and after pregnancy:

• Bleeding during pregnancy
• Iron-deficiency anemia
• Dangerous bleeding after childbirth (called postpartum hemorrhage)

Bleeding Disorders Diagnoses

You may need to visit a hematologist, a doctor who specializes in problems with blood. The doctor may do the following:

• Ask you questions about your symptoms and any history of bleeding disorders in your family
• Do a physical exam
• Do blood tests to detect the following:
• Check for anemia
• Check the amount of platelets and white blood cells that you have
• How functional is your liver and kidney
• Check for blood clotting problems

Bleeding Disorders Treatment

Available Treatment options for bleeding disorders include:

Birth control: Hormonal birth control methods, such as the pill, patch, shot, vaginal ring, and hormonal intrauterine device (IUD), increase the amount of some clotting factors in your blood. They may also control heavy periods in women with some bleeding disorders.

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Iron supplements: If you are anemic and don’t have enough iron in your blood, you may need iron supplements to bring your red blood cell levels back up to normal.

Hormones: This medicine is usually used before surgery, to stop bleeding nose, if you have von willebrand’s disease or prevent heavy periods.

Antifibrinolytics: This is a medicine that can be taken to stop blood clots from breaking down too quickly before healing happens.

Clotting factor concentrates: Needed if your blood does not have enough blood proteins or clotting factors to prevent and control bleeding often used for surgery, serious wounds or when other treatment fails.

What Can Happen If Bleeding Disorders Are Not Treated?

When bleeding disorder is not treated, it can lead to the following:
• The need for blood transfusions
• Raise your risk of anemia
• It cause life threatening bleeding after childbirth or surgery
• Affects your quality of life
• Cause fatigue
• Arthritis and breakdown of joints
• Bleeding into other areas of the body
• Hysterectomy or other surgery.

If you know you have a bleeding disorder, tell your doctor, nurse, midwife, and dentist to prevent dangerous complications.

Learn More About Other Medical Conditions Here

 

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