Facts About Tuberculosis In Nigeria: Risk Factors

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TB | What Does Tuberculosis Does To The Human Body


Facts about TB in Nigeria: According to the National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme, Nigeria ranked the 4th country with highest cases of tuberculosis globally even though a larger percentage of TB cases in Nigeria are unrecorded.

On this post, we shall explore the facts about tuberculosis in Nigeria; everything you need to know about its causes, prevention and treatment.

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What is Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is an air borne infectious disease that can be contacted by inhaling the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis that causes the disease. Tuberculosis mostly affects the lungs but can transfer to other parts of the body.

TB Prevalence

According to Natural Remedy Lab’s facts about tuberculosis in Nigeria; there are not less than 100,000 cases of tuberculosis recorded in Nigeria annually. Most deaths from tuberculosis is as a result of poor treatment and those living with HIV.

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How is TB Contacted?

Tuberculosis is air borne; it can be transmitted when an infected person coughs sneezes or shout. Having close contact with an infected person is a major risk factor in contacting TB. Before you get infected, there is need to inhale the airborne particles into your lungs.

Risk Factors

  • Sharing air space with infected person either at work, home or play ground exposes you to the risk of getting TB.
  • Chronic lung diseases
  • Excessive smoking
  • Poor hygiene / Malnutrition
  • Staying, living or traveling to area/region where tuberculosis is endemic
  • Infections like HIV, diabetes or cancer may increase your chance of getting tuberculosis.

Types of Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis mostly affects the lungs, when this occur, it is called pulmonary TB but when other parts of the body are affected; in such condition, it is tagged extra pulmonary tuberculosis.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis

Likely symptoms include:

  • Chest pain
  • Dry cough with mucus and/or blood
  • Night sweat
  • Poor appetite and/or weight loss
  • Fever and/or weakness
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Diagnosis of Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis can be detected by using physical examination of the patient especially based on the signs and symptoms. Chest x-ray can be used as well for evaluation.

Prevention of TB

There is tuberculosis vaccine used globally especially in children to reduce the risk of infection though it is reported to have little impact or effect in adults. However, here are preventive measures you can take according to experts facts about tuberculosis in Nigeria:

  • Maintain proper hygienic practices
  • If you are at risk of getting infected or you are infected, you are advised to quit smoking.
  • If anyone is infected, it is advisable to restrain from such person till they get treated.
  • Infected persons should also take caution when they are in public in order to avoid spreading the infection. When you want to cough or sneeze, mouth should be covered.
  • Avoiding excessive consumption of alcohol
  • If infected, get treated urgently to avoid the spread of the infection.
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Treatment of TB

Early detection will give you a bigger chance of recovery before it affects other vital organs. Tuberculosis can be treated with combination of antibiotics. It is recommended to visit your health care provider for better treatment methods. There are also various herbs used in the treatment of tuberculosis.

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Credit: Wikipedia

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