Facts about STDs in Nigeria:
Have you ever imagined yourself being infected with any of the sexually transmitted infections out there; nobody is cool with this kind of insinuation, yet, almost everyone in as much as you engage in any form of sexual activities is exposed to one STI or the other.
Another thing is, it does not tell on the face of the patient, some are curable while some are only manageable. The only form of defense is cleanliness and abstinence. This post tends to open your mind to all facts about STDs in Nigeria you need to know.
What are STDs?
Sexually transmitted infections or sexually transmitted diseases are infections caused by having sexual contact with infected person either through oral, anal or/& vaginal. Most STDs comes with no symptoms and may last for years.
An infected person can infect others even when there are no symptoms. They are also called venereal infection or disease.
Mode of Transmission
The major mode of transmission of most sexually transmitted infections is through sexual contact either oral, anal &/or vaginal. This contact could be through the skin, genitals, mouth, rectum or body fluid.
Causes of STDs
STDs are usually caused by bacteria, virus, protozoa, parasites or fungi. Those caused by virus are not curable but can be managed to reduce damage or complications to other parts of the body while others can be treated with antibiotics.
Risk Factors of STDs
- Early exposure to sex
- Having multiple sex partners
- Having sex with an infected person
- Having unprotected sex or unsafe sex practices
- Exposure to infected sharp objects
STD during Pregnancy
If a pregnant woman has sexually transmitted infections, it could have a negative effect on the fetus. It can lead to miscarriage or stillbirth. STIs are major risk factor responsible for infertility in both men and women.
Symptoms of STDs
In some cases, there may be no sign or symptom. Even if there are no symptoms, you can still infect others. When there are symptoms, it could last for days, weeks or months after infection. Likely symptoms include:
- Painful / burning urination
- Open sores around affected area
- Presence of warts / skin rashes
- Unusual discharge from the genitals
- Presence of back / abdominal pain
Prevention of STDs
The best way to prevent any sexually transmitted infection is by reducing the risk factors associated. The following measures can be applied:
- Abstinence from sex is the most effective way of preventing sexually transmitted infections or diseases. It reduces the chance by a wide margin compared to other preventive measures.
- Risky and unsafe sexual practice that can break or tear the skin should be avoided.
- Exposure of your body to body fluid of an infected person should also be avoided
- Avoid oral or anal sex when not protected
- You should be faithful to your partner at all times. Avoid having multiple sex partners.
Types of STDs
According to Natural Remedy Lab facts about STDs in Nigeria, we identify the most common sexually transmitted infections or diseases in Nigeria.
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
- Genital Herpes
- Crabs(Pubic Lice)
- Vaginal Yeast Infection
Diagnosis of STDs
Sexually transmitted infections can be tested anonymously at any health center around you. If you are exposed to any of the risk factors, it is advisable to visit a doctor because early detection and treatment is very essential. Physical examination, body fluids, and blood test is mostly used to diagnose STDs.
Treatment of STD
One of the very important facts about STDs in Nigeria you should keep at the back of your mind is the fact that most sexually transmitted infections caused by bacteria can be treated with antibiotics.
Antibiotics to use should be prescribed by your doctor depending on the type, cause and degree of the infection. Other infections caused by virus have no medical cure but can be treated to minimize the symptoms and reduce the spread.
There are claims that certain herbs are effective in treatment and cure of all kinds of STDs.
Complication of STDs
Another known facts about STDs in Nigeria is that treatment should commence as soon as you notice you have any sexually transmitted infection or disease. During treatment, you and your partner should be treated together in order to achieve the best result.
However, STD is the leading cause of infertility in both men and women. In addition, an untreated STD may also result into serious complications which might be life threatening.
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